Hematology

WHAT IS HAEMATOLOGY?

Haematology involves the diagnosis and treatment of patients who have disorders of the blood and bone marrow.

THE ROLE OF THE HAEMATOLOGIST

Clinical Hematologist is a superspecialist who exclusively treats and manages patients with all kinds of blood disorders both benign and malignant.

Benign Hematology

Diagnosis and management of
Hemoglobinopathies like thalassemia major, sickle cell anemia
Various disorders of RBC, WBC, and platelets- like anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, leucopenia, thrombocytosis, etc
Bone marrow failure syndrome: Aplastic anemia, Pure red cell aplasia, congenital bone marrow failure syndrome
Bleeding disorder: like Hemophilias, Von Willebrand disease, hemorrhagic disease of newborn, rare clotting factor deficiency.
Thrombotic disorders like Deep vein thrombosis(DVT), pulmonary embolism(PE), cerebral venous thrombosis, inherited thrombophilias

Malignant hematology

Diagnosis, prognosis, risk stratification and treatment of various hematological malignancies like:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia,
Chronic Myeloid Leukemia, Chronic Lymphocytic leukemia
Hodgkin lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma, Plasma cell dyscrasia, Histiocytic disorders
Myelodysplastic syndrome
Polycythemia Vera, Essential thrombocythemia, Primary myelofibrosis

Bone marrow and stem cell transplant

Autologous stem cell transplant for Multiple myeloma, lymphomas and autoimmune diseases
Allogeneic stem cell transplant for Aplastic anemia, Thalassemia, various maliganant disorders, bone marrow failure syndromes.
Cord blood transplant,
Haploidentical stem cell transplant etc for various disorder.

Procedures

Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy sternal as well as PSIS
Lumbar puncture as well as intrathecal chemotherapy
Central line insertion IJV, femoral
PICC line insertion
Chemotherapy preparation and infusion.
Stem cell collection by Peripheral harvest or bone marrow harvest
Cryopreservation of stem cells
Plasma exchange, Leukapharesis, granulocyte collection, SDP collection, RBC exchange
Inherited disorders like thalassemia, sickle cell anemia
Germ lime mutational cases of leukemia like down syndrome
Prenatal genetic diagnosis of various inherited orders

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