Bone marrow and stem cell transplant

What is bone marrow?

Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue inside your bones that makes blood-forming cells (blood stem cells). These cells turn into blood cells including:

  • White blood cells to fight infections.
  • Red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body.
  • Platelets to control bleeding.

Blood-forming cells are also found in the blood stream and the umbilical cord blood.

How does transplant work?

Before transplant, you get chemotherapy (chemo) with or without radiation to destroy the diseased blood-forming cells and marrow. Then, healthy cells are given to you (it’s not surgery). The new cells go into your bloodstream through an intravenous (IV) line, or tube. It’s just like getting blood or medicine through an IV. The cells find their way into your marrow, where they grow and start to make healthy red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.

What diseases can BMT treat?

Bone marrow transplants can treat:

  • Blood cancers like leukemia or lymphoma
  • Bone marrow diseases like aplastic anemia
  • Other immune system or genetic diseases like sickle cell disease

frequently asked questions

Is a stem cell transplant and a bone marrow transplant the same thing?

Is a stem cell transplant and a bone marrow transplant the same thing?

The words "bone marrow transplant" and "stem cell transplant" are sometimes used together, which might be confusing. Both names refer to the same procedure. All transplants that used to treat blood or bone marrow cancers contain stem cells.

What is the need for a bone marrow transplant?

What are the reasons for a bone marrow transplant?

Bone marrow transplants replace unhealthy stem cells with healthy ones to cure cancers and other blood and bone marrow disorders. BMT is most often used to treat leukemia and lymphoma patients.

Patients whose bone marrow has been damaged by chemotherapy or radiation treatment may benefit from BMT. It also helps those with conditions that cause their bone marrow to stop working.

Is the process for bone marrow transplantation in children and adults are same?

Is the process for bone marrow transplantation in children and adults are same?

Yes. Irrespective of the patient's age, a bone marrow transplant is generally the same process. For our younger patients, we make certain changes, such as sedating them prior to the transplant to reduce their anxiety.

How long does it take to recover from a bone marrow transplant?

How long does it take to recover from a bone marrow transplant?

Every scenario is different, but most patients should expect to be in the hospital for at least 30 days while their immune system is rebuilt. You will be discharged from the hospital to complete your rehabilitation at home once your doctors feel that your immune system is healthy enough. Your immune function may take several months or years to fully recover following BMT.

Dr. Karuna Kumar is a clinical consultant endowed with Clinical and Academic experience encompassing Hematology, Hematooncology & bone marrow transplantation. Adept at both allogeneic & autologous transplant using bone marrow & peripheral blood stem cells for various benign & malignant conditions, he works deftly during emergency situations with utmost care and responsibility.

Oxy Clinics
Above Sampradaya, West Marredpally, Secunderabad - 500026

Mon to Sat - 09:00am – 10:00am
06:00pm - 07:00pm
Closed on Thursday & Sunday

Yashoda Hospital
Behind Hari Hara Kala Bhavan, Secunderabad, Telangana 500003

Mon to Sat - 10:00am – 05:00pm
Closed on Thursday & Sunday